ratio of coal and water in dyeing mills

textile dyeing machines | companies - Europages

Find and request a quote for textile dyeing machines from companies that specialise in the ... Our dyeing machines can do low liquor ratio (1: 4). ... Hongli Textile Mill and Meitaikang Bleaching & Dyeing Mill, operated by V-Medical via ... processing,fine chemicals , Oil Refining,coal washing,city water supplying , Textile...

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Waste Management of Textiles: A Solution to The Environmental ...

and residual dye. 10-25% of textile dyes are lost during the dyeing process, and 2- ... and discusses about the water usage and wastewater characteristic of textile industry. .... The water usage for different purposes in a typical cotton textile mill and synthetic textile processing ... In most cases BOD/COD ratio .... Coal ashes.

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How to Decrease the Viscosity of Suspension with the Second Fluid ...

Nov 5, 2013 ... ... and with high viscosity is often required, such as the dye-pigment. ... ratio of particles to suspension, such as the coal-water slurry (CWS). ..... and comminuted in a ball mill to produce two optimum particle size distributions.

Get Price

Clean Technologies in U.S. Industries: Focus on Textiles

Water. Textile manufacturing is one of the largest industrial users of process water in the United States. ... Low-bath-ratio dyeing. .... Nearly 700 textile finishing and dyeing mills perform these steps. ..... Most dyes used in the United States are synthetic and are manufactured from coal-tar and petroleum-based intermediaries.

Get Price

Challenges in Sustainable Wet Processing of Textiles - Springer

materials are treated with a number of dyes, finishing chemicals and auxiliaries in ... various steps of textile wet processing such as consumption of water, energy, .... in origin being derived from aromatic chemicals found in coal tar and have poor .... vicinity of effluent discharge area of a textile mill were much higher than the.

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Textile dyeing industry an environmental hazard

Natural dyestuffs require large quantities of water for dyeing. ... The daily water consumption of an average sized textile mill having a production of about 8000 kg of .... Whitaker, C.M. and Willock, C.C. (1949) Dyeing with coal tar dyestuffs.

Get Price

Industrial sludge based adsorbents/ industrial by- products in the ...

Key words: Adsorption, reactive dye, activated carbon, tannery sludge. INTRODUCTION ... can detect con- centrations of 0.005 mg/L of reactive dye in water, and .... activation. Type of activating agent, impregnation ratio, .... and coal-based bottom ash (CBBA) (Ali et al., 2007) were studied. ... References. Paper mill sludge.

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Dyes Removal 1 - Panta Rei Water Solutions

in South Africa to treat textile mill effluents (Gravelet-Blondin et al. 1996). ... removal efficiency is influenced by the ratio of organic load/dye and the microorganisms load, its temperature, as well as .... adsorbents: fly ash and coal. Water Res.

Get Price

Air and Water Pollution: Burden and Strategies for Control - Disease ...

Thus, a chapter on air and water pollution control links with chapters on, for instance, ... Types of suspended PM include diesel exhaust particles; coal fly ash; wood .... Paper and pulp mills consume large volumes of water and discharge liquid and ... Textile and dye industries emit a liquid effluent that contains toxic residues...

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assessment of low-liquor ratio dyeing machines with efficient ...

ASSESSMENT OF LOW-LIQUOR RATIO DYEING MACHINES WITH. EFFICIENT WASHING ...... water, chemicals and energy usage of the processes before cutting. A “wet process mill” that has “low-liquor dyeing machines” is chosen for evaluation. The supplier .... Gas/coal/nuclear/petroleum based fuels (e.g. Watts of...

Get Price

Ecological Footprint and Water Analysis of Cotton, Hemp and ...

perform an Ecological Footprint (EF) analysis and a water requirement .... Cleansing: at the textile mill, the bales are opened and the cotton is mixed and ..... A use to resource ratio – annual water withdrawals divided by annual ..... liquor, to 200 litres for scouring, bleaching and dyeing, based on a 1:10 .... generated by coal.

Get Price

An Introduction to Biomass Thermochemical Conversion - NREL

Dyes, Pigments, and Ink. – Detergents. – Etc. ... turbines supplying process steam and electricity to mills, 2) recover pulping ... reducing conditions to produce primarily permanent gases, with char, water, ... Representative Biomass and Coal Properties. Biomass 1. Biomass 2. Coal 1. Coal 2 ... H/C Atomic Ratio. 1.4-1.6. 1.5.

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Polyester — Design Life-Cycle

[13] The next step is to combine ethylene oxide and water (pure and recycled ... The PET chips are re-melted to continue production, or they can be transported to other textile mills. ..... What are used to fuel the production of polyester are water, coal, and air. ... The ratio of liquid decreases the level of exhaustion of the dye.

Get Price

Conversion of Jute Caddies (Jute Mill Waste) into Value Added ...

Mar 7, 2012 ... Jute caddies (jute mill waste) can be used as a cellulosic raw material ... Traditionally the jute industry used this waste along with coal as fuel for ... It can also hold water largely (5 times of its weight) and release the water slowly when needed. ... is rich in mineral content and has high C:N ratio (about 100:1).

Get Price

Supporting Guide for Sustainable Manufacturing for Green to Wear ...

Aug 2, 2015 ... improve the water and energy use of Washing/Dyeing/ Finishing processes of mills. Based on ... audits with focus on textile mills management process, water and energy consumption ... such as the liquor ratio (identified as key parameter). The audits'' ... Coal: Coal is a solid fossil fuel extracted from open.

Get Price

Financing Innovations in Industrial Water | China Water Risk

Feb 11, 2014 ... Given China''s limited water supply & rising water tariffs there is no better time ... million tonnes coal equivalent per year and is in top three in terms of wastewater ... This project for a knitted fabric dyeing mill in Guangdong Province ... reuse dyeing and finishing wastewater;; Replace high liquor-ratio dyeing...

Get Price

Heat recovery in the textile dyeing and finishing industry: lessons ...

mills. 2. Heat recovery from water. Re-use. The first heat recovery option to consider is .... vent dyeing (ITF, 1991), use of low liquor ratio and .... fuel consumption in dyeing and finishing plants in 1995 should increase to more than 10%. Coal.

Get Price

an overview of case studies on zero an overview of case studies on ...

Jan 27, 2014 ... Section C : Case studies in Textile Dyeing and P lp & Paper ... and Pulp & Paper mill effluents ... TWIC was formed to promote the first PPP in water .... Group)for a Coal-to-Chemicals plant in an environmentally ..... Liquor Ratio.

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Bioremediation & Biodegradation - OMICS International

Oct 5, 2011 ... increased the release of toxic waste effluents in to water bodies along with ground ... and pharma, plastics, paper and pulp mills, textile mills, agricultural. (enhancement ... chemical and pharma industries like coal refineries, phenol manufacturing .... Microbial degradation and decolorization of dyes is an.

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removal of cod and colour from textile wastewater ... - [email protected]

2.1.4 Pretreatment of Fabric for Dyeing and Finishing .... Mill wastewater treatment flow. 48. Figure 4.3. Schematic diagram of column study. 66. Figure 5.1. COD removal efficiency Vs. different ratios of LS:AC ..... removing COD and color from textile plant waste water. .... and derived from coal tar and petroleum intermediates.

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POINT SOURCES OF POLLUTION: LOCAL EFFECTS ... - eolss.net

in the water environment and caused negative effects to the eco-system and human''s life. ... generate solvent waste, and printing plants release inks and dyes. ... Inorganic industrial wastewater is produced mainly in the coal and steel industry, ... Other wastewater from rolling mills contain mineral oil and require additional.

Get Price

Clothing to dye for: the textile sector must confront water risks ...

Aug 12, 2013 ... Reaching a 1-to-10 dye-to-water ratio is an accomplishment, Hattori explained, and when asked whether the manufacturer would then simply...

Get Price

Textile Dyes - Digital Commons @ Liberty University

the dyeing of this color, using coal and tar, resulted in many scientific advances and the development of ... alkalinity, and hardness of water, it can be used in textile mills. Types of ..... The following dyestuffs and ratios where used: 1. Peels of...

Get Price

Color Removal From Pulp Mill Effluent Using Coal Ash Produced ...

power plants, and the effluent generated by pulp mills. ... KEY WORDS: Coal Fly Ash (CFA), Pulp Mill Effluent, Color Removal, Adsorption ...... Figure 4-29: Time elapsed vs outlet/inlet concentration ratio (Cout/Cin) of effluent color in a CFA ... The Clean Water Act of 1977 placed stringent restrictions on effluent concentra-.

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Synthesis and characterization of nano-activated carbon from el ...

Nov 19, 2014 ... Disposal of this colored water from dyeing industries into receiving ... olive mill residue, flay ashes, coal, rice husk, waste tea leaves, peanut hull .... Figure 1. Effect of Reagent /coal ratio on methyl orange removal onto the.

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Pre-treatment of Textiles Prior to Dyeing - InTechOpen

Dec 14, 2011 ... be higher than necessary for efficient scouring, milling and dyeing. In case ... Table A. Water usage in Textile Mills (%) ..... Coal (Anthracite). 27.

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Pollution Standards - ResearchGate

Composite woollen mills. 7. 8. ... Dye and Dye Intermediate Industry (Waste Water Discharge). 27. 46. ... Environmental Standards for coal washeries. 56. 86.

Get Price

SYNTHESIS, COLORFASTNESS EVALUATION AND UTILIZATION ...

Pakistan coal derived humic acid (HAL) salt was used to synthesize direct azo and acid .... in distilled water along with few drops of 1 % aqueous Na2CO3 with a liquor ratio 20:1 ... The fabric was soaked in cold water before dyeing. ... a ball mill and ground for 48 hours, solvent was removed and pigment washed with water...

Get Price

Cotton Yarn Dyeing - Dc Msme

For dyeing the cotton yarn in various shades ... up the job work from the mills and dye the yarn on as per ... Magnesium salt present in the water. The following .... Fuel, coal and furnace oil. LS. 75,000. 4. ... (4) Net Profit Ratio. = Net profit (per...

Get Price

China Environment Series 12 - Wilson Center

Jul 3, 2010 ... PHOTO BELOW: Some members of the China Water-Energy Team ... Condensed within the cities are open pit mines, coal-fired ..... ratio of GDP to available water reserves is ..... or in a textile mill, can be the largest user of energy in the whole water supply .... resource use across all industries, textile dyeing.

Get Price

Modified Cenospheres as an Adsorbent for the Removal of Disperse ...

Mar 4, 2015 ... There are 3441 textile mills in India out of which 3244 are spinning mills ... Ions of disperse dyes in the water streams either reflect back the solar ... Coal fly ash (CFA) is a solid waste by-product of the coal fired power plant ... 10.0 g of cenospheres was taken in flasks with extraction fluid in 1 : 20 w/v ratio.

Get Price

Lignosulphonate application areas | Sappi Global

... for pelletising applications like the manufacture of coal briquettes and egg coal. ... This results in lower water consumption during the mixing of concrete and the resulting lower water to cement ratio yields significantly greater strength after ... more consistent shade, thereby eliminating the need to add expensive dyes.

Get Price

a world of ideas - Home

volumes of heated water for application of chemicals and dyes. ..... A number of mills have reported achieving liquor ratios of less than 6:1, both with new .... Some mills have developed opportunities to sell coal ash as a component of concrete...

Get Price

Application of Different Combustion Models for Simulating the Co ...

Dec 15, 2015 ... drying coal in mills is subsequently used to carry the pulverized coal and send .... separately: equivalent water vapor was delivered into the furnace by primary air,26 .... to simulate the characteristics of different mass ratios of coal−sludge ... and dyeing mill and dewatered by a mechanical method with about.

Get Price

Phytodegradation of textile dyes by Water Hyacinth - Integrated ...

In this study, the removal of textile dyes, namely Red RB and Black B from their respective aqueous solutions have been studied using the Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). Batch ... Total carbon, Total Phosphorus ,pH ,EC and C:N ratio. ...... of direct azo dye from aqueous phase onto coal based sorbents: A Kinetic and.

Get Price

textile dyeing machines | companies - Europages

Find and request a quote for textile dyeing machines from companies that specialise in the ... Our dyeing machines can do low liquor ratio (1: 4). ... Hongli Textile Mill and Meitaikang Bleaching & Dyeing Mill, operated by V-Medical via ... processing,fine chemicals , Oil Refining,coal washing,city water supplying , Textile...

Get Price

Waste Management of Textiles: A Solution to The Environmental ...

and residual dye. 10-25% of textile dyes are lost during the dyeing process, and 2- ... and discusses about the water usage and wastewater characteristic of textile industry. .... The water usage for different purposes in a typical cotton textile mill and synthetic textile processing ... In most cases BOD/COD ratio .... Coal ashes.

Get Price

How to Decrease the Viscosity of Suspension with the Second Fluid ...

Nov 5, 2013 ... ... and with high viscosity is often required, such as the dye-pigment. ... ratio of particles to suspension, such as the coal-water slurry (CWS). ..... and comminuted in a ball mill to produce two optimum particle size distributions.

Get Price

Clean Technologies in U.S. Industries: Focus on Textiles

Water. Textile manufacturing is one of the largest industrial users of process water in the United States. ... Low-bath-ratio dyeing. .... Nearly 700 textile finishing and dyeing mills perform these steps. ..... Most dyes used in the United States are synthetic and are manufactured from coal-tar and petroleum-based intermediaries.

Get Price

Challenges in Sustainable Wet Processing of Textiles - Springer

materials are treated with a number of dyes, finishing chemicals and auxiliaries in ... various steps of textile wet processing such as consumption of water, energy, .... in origin being derived from aromatic chemicals found in coal tar and have poor .... vicinity of effluent discharge area of a textile mill were much higher than the.

Get Price

Textile dyeing industry an environmental hazard

Natural dyestuffs require large quantities of water for dyeing. ... The daily water consumption of an average sized textile mill having a production of about 8000 kg of .... Whitaker, C.M. and Willock, C.C. (1949) Dyeing with coal tar dyestuffs.

Get Price

Industrial sludge based adsorbents/ industrial by- products in the ...

Key words: Adsorption, reactive dye, activated carbon, tannery sludge. INTRODUCTION ... can detect con- centrations of 0.005 mg/L of reactive dye in water, and .... activation. Type of activating agent, impregnation ratio, .... and coal-based bottom ash (CBBA) (Ali et al., 2007) were studied. ... References. Paper mill sludge.

Get Price

Dyes Removal 1 - Panta Rei Water Solutions

in South Africa to treat textile mill effluents (Gravelet-Blondin et al. 1996). ... removal efficiency is influenced by the ratio of organic load/dye and the microorganisms load, its temperature, as well as .... adsorbents: fly ash and coal. Water Res.

Get Price

Air and Water Pollution: Burden and Strategies for Control - Disease ...

Thus, a chapter on air and water pollution control links with chapters on, for instance, ... Types of suspended PM include diesel exhaust particles; coal fly ash; wood .... Paper and pulp mills consume large volumes of water and discharge liquid and ... Textile and dye industries emit a liquid effluent that contains toxic residues...

Get Price

assessment of low-liquor ratio dyeing machines with efficient ...

ASSESSMENT OF LOW-LIQUOR RATIO DYEING MACHINES WITH. EFFICIENT WASHING ...... water, chemicals and energy usage of the processes before cutting. A “wet process mill” that has “low-liquor dyeing machines” is chosen for evaluation. The supplier .... Gas/coal/nuclear/petroleum based fuels (e.g. Watts of...

Get Price

Ecological Footprint and Water Analysis of Cotton, Hemp and ...

perform an Ecological Footprint (EF) analysis and a water requirement .... Cleansing: at the textile mill, the bales are opened and the cotton is mixed and ..... A use to resource ratio – annual water withdrawals divided by annual ..... liquor, to 200 litres for scouring, bleaching and dyeing, based on a 1:10 .... generated by coal.

Get Price

An Introduction to Biomass Thermochemical Conversion - NREL

Dyes, Pigments, and Ink. – Detergents. – Etc. ... turbines supplying process steam and electricity to mills, 2) recover pulping ... reducing conditions to produce primarily permanent gases, with char, water, ... Representative Biomass and Coal Properties. Biomass 1. Biomass 2. Coal 1. Coal 2 ... H/C Atomic Ratio. 1.4-1.6. 1.5.

Get Price

Polyester — Design Life-Cycle

[13] The next step is to combine ethylene oxide and water (pure and recycled ... The PET chips are re-melted to continue production, or they can be transported to other textile mills. ..... What are used to fuel the production of polyester are water, coal, and air. ... The ratio of liquid decreases the level of exhaustion of the dye.

Get Price

Conversion of Jute Caddies (Jute Mill Waste) into Value Added ...

Mar 7, 2012 ... Jute caddies (jute mill waste) can be used as a cellulosic raw material ... Traditionally the jute industry used this waste along with coal as fuel for ... It can also hold water largely (5 times of its weight) and release the water slowly when needed. ... is rich in mineral content and has high C:N ratio (about 100:1).

Get Price

Supporting Guide for Sustainable Manufacturing for Green to Wear ...

Aug 2, 2015 ... improve the water and energy use of Washing/Dyeing/ Finishing processes of mills. Based on ... audits with focus on textile mills management process, water and energy consumption ... such as the liquor ratio (identified as key parameter). The audits'' ... Coal: Coal is a solid fossil fuel extracted from open.

Get Price

Financing Innovations in Industrial Water | China Water Risk

Feb 11, 2014 ... Given China''s limited water supply & rising water tariffs there is no better time ... million tonnes coal equivalent per year and is in top three in terms of wastewater ... This project for a knitted fabric dyeing mill in Guangdong Province ... reuse dyeing and finishing wastewater;; Replace high liquor-ratio dyeing...

Get Price

Heat recovery in the textile dyeing and finishing industry: lessons ...

mills. 2. Heat recovery from water. Re-use. The first heat recovery option to consider is .... vent dyeing (ITF, 1991), use of low liquor ratio and .... fuel consumption in dyeing and finishing plants in 1995 should increase to more than 10%. Coal.

Get Price

an overview of case studies on zero an overview of case studies on ...

Jan 27, 2014 ... Section C : Case studies in Textile Dyeing and P lp & Paper ... and Pulp & Paper mill effluents ... TWIC was formed to promote the first PPP in water .... Group)for a Coal-to-Chemicals plant in an environmentally ..... Liquor Ratio.

Get Price

Bioremediation & Biodegradation - OMICS International

Oct 5, 2011 ... increased the release of toxic waste effluents in to water bodies along with ground ... and pharma, plastics, paper and pulp mills, textile mills, agricultural. (enhancement ... chemical and pharma industries like coal refineries, phenol manufacturing .... Microbial degradation and decolorization of dyes is an.

Get Price

removal of cod and colour from textile wastewater ... - [email protected]

2.1.4 Pretreatment of Fabric for Dyeing and Finishing .... Mill wastewater treatment flow. 48. Figure 4.3. Schematic diagram of column study. 66. Figure 5.1. COD removal efficiency Vs. different ratios of LS:AC ..... removing COD and color from textile plant waste water. .... and derived from coal tar and petroleum intermediates.

Get Price

POINT SOURCES OF POLLUTION: LOCAL EFFECTS ... - eolss

in the water environment and caused negative effects to the eco-system and human''s life. ... generate solvent waste, and printing plants release inks and dyes. ... Inorganic industrial wastewater is produced mainly in the coal and steel industry, ... Other wastewater from rolling mills contain mineral oil and require additional.

Get Price

Clothing to dye for: the textile sector must confront water risks ...

Aug 12, 2013 ... Reaching a 1-to-10 dye-to-water ratio is an accomplishment, Hattori explained, and when asked whether the manufacturer would then simply...

Get Price

Textile Dyes - Digital Commons @ Liberty University

the dyeing of this color, using coal and tar, resulted in many scientific advances and the development of ... alkalinity, and hardness of water, it can be used in textile mills. Types of ..... The following dyestuffs and ratios where used: 1. Peels of...

Get Price

Color Removal From Pulp Mill Effluent Using Coal Ash Produced ...

power plants, and the effluent generated by pulp mills. ... KEY WORDS: Coal Fly Ash (CFA), Pulp Mill Effluent, Color Removal, Adsorption ...... Figure 4-29: Time elapsed vs outlet/inlet concentration ratio (Cout/Cin) of effluent color in a CFA ... The Clean Water Act of 1977 placed stringent restrictions on effluent concentra-.

Get Price

Synthesis and characterization of nano-activated carbon from el ...

Nov 19, 2014 ... Disposal of this colored water from dyeing industries into receiving ... olive mill residue, flay ashes, coal, rice husk, waste tea leaves, peanut hull .... Figure 1. Effect of Reagent /coal ratio on methyl orange removal onto the.

Get Price

Pre-treatment of Textiles Prior to Dyeing - InTechOpen

Dec 14, 2011 ... be higher than necessary for efficient scouring, milling and dyeing. In case ... Table A. Water usage in Textile Mills (%) ..... Coal (Anthracite). 27.

Get Price

Pollution Standards - ResearchGate

Composite woollen mills. 7. 8. ... Dye and Dye Intermediate Industry (Waste Water Discharge). 27. 46. ... Environmental Standards for coal washeries. 56. 86.

Get Price

SYNTHESIS, COLORFASTNESS EVALUATION AND UTILIZATION ...

Pakistan coal derived humic acid (HAL) salt was used to synthesize direct azo and acid .... in distilled water along with few drops of 1 % aqueous Na2CO3 with a liquor ratio 20:1 ... The fabric was soaked in cold water before dyeing. ... a ball mill and ground for 48 hours, solvent was removed and pigment washed with water...

Get Price

Cotton Yarn Dyeing - Dc Msme

For dyeing the cotton yarn in various shades ... up the job work from the mills and dye the yarn on as per ... Magnesium salt present in the water. The following .... Fuel, coal and furnace oil. LS. 75,000. 4. ... (4) Net Profit Ratio. = Net profit (per...

Get Price

China Environment Series 12 - Wilson Center

Jul 3, 2010 ... PHOTO BELOW: Some members of the China Water-Energy Team ... Condensed within the cities are open pit mines, coal-fired ..... ratio of GDP to available water reserves is ..... or in a textile mill, can be the largest user of energy in the whole water supply .... resource use across all industries, textile dyeing.

Get Price

Modified Cenospheres as an Adsorbent for the Removal of Disperse ...

Mar 4, 2015 ... There are 3441 textile mills in India out of which 3244 are spinning mills ... Ions of disperse dyes in the water streams either reflect back the solar ... Coal fly ash (CFA) is a solid waste by-product of the coal fired power plant ... 10.0 g of cenospheres was taken in flasks with extraction fluid in 1 : 20 w/v ratio.

Get Price

Lignosulphonate application areas | Sappi Global

... for pelletising applications like the manufacture of coal briquettes and egg coal. ... This results in lower water consumption during the mixing of concrete and the resulting lower water to cement ratio yields significantly greater strength after ... more consistent shade, thereby eliminating the need to add expensive dyes.

Get Price

a world of ideas - Home

volumes of heated water for application of chemicals and dyes. ..... A number of mills have reported achieving liquor ratios of less than 6:1, both with new .... Some mills have developed opportunities to sell coal ash as a component of concrete...

Get Price

Application of Different Combustion Models for Simulating the Co ...

Dec 15, 2015 ... drying coal in mills is subsequently used to carry the pulverized coal and send .... separately: equivalent water vapor was delivered into the furnace by primary air,26 .... to simulate the characteristics of different mass ratios of coal−sludge ... and dyeing mill and dewatered by a mechanical method with about.

Get Price

Phytodegradation of textile dyes by Water Hyacinth - Integrated ...

In this study, the removal of textile dyes, namely Red RB and Black B from their respective aqueous solutions have been studied using the Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). Batch ... Total carbon, Total Phosphorus ,pH ,EC and C:N ratio. ...... of direct azo dye from aqueous phase onto coal based sorbents: A Kinetic and.

Get Price